Gigantomastia: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

what is Gigantomastia - Hasan Surgery Dubai

Pregnancy and motherhood are remarkable experiences but can also bring surprising physical changes. 

Gigantomastia, is a rare condition characterized by an extraordinary enlargement of the breasts. It can dramatically affect a woman’s life, causing discomfort and emotional distress.

In this blog, we’ll explore gigantomastia in women, uncovering its causes, symptoms, diagnosis methods, and treatment options.

What is Gigantomastia?

Gigantomastia Causes- Hasan Surgery Dubai

Gigantomastia, or breast hypertrophy, is an uncommon condition characterized by the excessive enlargement of a woman’s breasts.

While breast size can vary significantly among individuals, gigantomastia is typically defined by a dramatic and disproportionate increase in breast size beyond what is considered normal or healthy. 

Gigantomastia or breast hypertrophy in females can manifest during different life stages, including puberty, pregnancy, or as a result of medication usage. In some cases, it occurs spontaneously and for no reason.

What are the Symptoms of Gigantomastia?

The symptoms of gigantomastia, or excessive breast growth, can vary from person to person and may depend on the severity of the condition.

Common gigantomastia symptoms and associated issues include:

  • Excessive breast enlargement
  • Breast pain 
  • Discomfort in the shoulders, back, and neck
  • Redness, itching, and warmth on or beneath the breasts
  • Poor posture
  • Occurrence of infections or abscesses
  • Loss of feeling in nipples

It’s essential for women experiencing these symptoms to seek medical evaluation and consultation with a healthcare provider.

What are the Causes of Gigantomastia?

The exact cause of gigantomastia has yet to be entirely discovered. However, some potential gigantomastia causes and contributing factors include:

  • Puberty 
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medications like penicillamine or bucillamine
  • Autoimmune conditions like lupus, psoriasis, or arthritis
  • Extreme obesity
  • Genetics

How is Gigantomastia Diagnosed?

Your doctor will conduct a medical and family history and perform a physical examination.

They will inquire about how your breast size has changed, any accompanying symptoms, or if you’re taking any medications.

In the case of adolescents, if there is a rapid increase in breast size shortly after the first menstrual period, your doctor may consider a gigantomastia diagnosis.

Most of the time, additional diagnostic tests aren’t required unless your doctor suspects you have another underlying disorder.

How is Gigantomastia Treated?

The treatment of gigantomastia, or excessive breast growth, depends on the severity of the condition, the individual’s overall health, and their personal preferences. 

Treatment options for gigantomastia women may include:

Certain medications can halt the growth of breast tissue. These medications may include:

  • Tamoxifen
  • Medroxyprogesterone
  • Bromocriptine
  • Danazol

In some situations, medications is all that is needed to reduce the growth and expansion of breast tissue. In other cases, medication may be complemented by breast reduction surgery.

The most commonly advised and effective treatment for severe gigantomastia is breast reduction surgery.

In breast reduction surgery, a plastic surgeon reduces the volume of breast tissue, eliminates surplus skin, and repositions both the nipple and the surrounding dark skin.

This can alleviate physical discomfort, improve posture, and enhance the patient’s overall quality of life.

In severe or recurrent cases of gigantomastia, a mastectomy may be advised.

A mastectomy involves removing all of all breast tissue. Following a mastectomy, you can get breast implants. However, this choice may carry potential complications, making it not always the optimal treatment. 

Furthermore, a double mastectomy typically results in the inability to breastfeed for most women.

The treatment choices varies depending on several factors, including the individual’s specific circumstances, the extent of gigantomastia, and personal preferences.

It’s crucial for individuals experiencing gigantomastia to consult with a plastic surgeon to discuss their symptoms and explore the most appropriate treatment options tailored to their needs and goals.

What are the Complications of Gigantomastia?

Gigantomastia, or excessive breast growth, can lead to several complications, including:

  • over-stretching of the skin
  • skin rashes under the breasts
  • ulcers on the skin
  • neck, shoulder, and back pain
  • headaches
  • breast asymmetry 
  • Inability to walk, run, or exercise, leading to obesity
  • temporary or permanent nerve damage, resulting in loss of nipple sensation
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Body image problems

Gigantomastia during pregnancy can result in:

  • poor growth of the fetus
  • Miscarriage
  • suppression of the milk supply
  • breast infection
  • blisters and wounds because the baby can’t latch on properly; the wounds can become painful or infected

It’s essential for individuals experiencing these complications to seek medical evaluation and consultation with a healthcare provider.

Why Choose Hasan Surgery for Gigantomastia Surgery?

Dealing with gigantomastia can be physically and emotionally challenging, but there is hope for relief. 

Hasan Surgery is dedicated to providing compassionate and effective care for individuals suffering from this condition. With a skilled team of professionals and cutting-edge facilities, we offer a path toward a more comfortable and fulfilling life.

If you or someone you know struggles with gigantomastia, don’t hesitate to take the first step towards transformation with breast reduction

Book your appointment today, and let us help you regain your confidence and well-being. 


Gigantomastia is a rare condition with only about 300 gigantomastia reported cases.

Hypertrophy of the breast or gigantomastia refers to the abnormal or excessive growth of breast tissue, leading to larger-than-normal breasts. It is a rare condition in which the breasts become abnormally large and can cause significant physical and psychological discomfort for affected individuals. 

Yes, gigantomastia can pose challenges for breastfeeding. It can give rise to specific complications such as breast infections, blisters or sores, low milk supply, and discomfort, all of which can hinder the breastfeeding process.

Breast reduction surgery, known as reduction mammaplasty, is the primary surgical procedure used to reduce huge gigantomastia boobs. During this surgery, excess breast tissue, fat, and skin are eliminated, and the breasts are reshaped to a more proportionate and manageable size.