Botulinum Toxin often known as Botox produced from specific bacteria commonly known as Clostridium botulinum. This toxin is made sterile to use for specific therapeutic reasons. This is diluted with normal saline and injected into several areas of the face and neck where muscles weakness or paralysis can bring clinical and aesthetic improvement. The duration of muscles weakness varies but usually last 3-4 months. Weaknesses of muscles are due to interruption in nerve conduction to muscles. FDA has approved Botox for cosmetic treatment of wrinkles that often affected the areas on the face between eyebrows. The other areas that can also treated with Botox are crow’s feet, neckbands, and forehead lines.
Botox cannot treat permanently the sign of aging but diminish it appearance.
FDA also approved Botox for treating certain medical conditions like strabismus (crossed eyes), blepharospasm (eyelid spasm), and motor disorders of the facial nerve and spastic muscle disorder with the neck.
It can be injected as combination procedure where of upper face is treated with Botox whereas lower face can be treated with synthetic fillers. This can also combine with a surgical procedure of face and neck or any other areas where it can be useful.
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